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10 Things You Should Know About Tramadol

Posted by Thai Pharmacy on

10 Things You Should Know About Tramadol Learn the Basics Before You Take Tramadol Tom Grill/The Image Bank/Getty Images By Carol Eustice - Reviewed by a board-certified physician. Updated August 31, 2016 In August 2014, the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) listed Tramadol as a Schedule IV Controlled Substance. Examples of other Schedule IV drugs include Valium, Xanax, and Ambien. Read more. Tramadol, the generic version of Ultram, is a synthetic analgesic medication. The exact mode of action of tramadol is unknown but it is said to work like morphine. Tramadol binds to opioid receptors in the brain, receptors that transmit...

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Life cycle of liver flukes and Praziquantel mechanism (Zentozide 600 mg)

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Life cycle of  liver flukes and Praziquantel  mechanism (Zentozide 600 mg)

Causal Agent: Fascioliasis is caused by Fasciola hepatica and less often by F. gigantica, which are flat worms classified as liver flukes (trematodes). Some human cases have been caused by hybrid species. Additional Fasciola species have been found in animals. Life Cycle: As shown below, Fasciola parasites develop into adult flukes in the bile ducts of infected mammals, which pass immature Fasciola eggs in their feces. The next part of the life cycle occurs in freshwater. After several weeks, the eggs hatch, producing a parasite form known as the miracidium, which then infects a snail host. Under optimal conditions, the...

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Domperidone and breastfeeding

Posted by Thai Pharmacy on

Domperidone and breastfeeding

Domperidone, Getting StartedIntroduction:Domperidone (Motilium™) is a drug that has, as a side effect, the increase of milk production, probably by increasing prolactin production by the pituitary gland. Prolactin is the hormone that stimulates the cells in the mother's breast to produce milk. Domperidone increases prolactin secretion indirectly, by interfering with the action of dopamine, whose action is to decrease the secretion of prolactin by the pituitary gland. Domperidone is generally used for disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (gut) and has not been released in Canada for use as a stimulant for milk production. This does not mean that it cannot...

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Life cycle of tapeworms and Niclosamide machanism

Posted by Thai Pharmacy on

Causal Agents: The cestodes (tapeworms) Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm) and T. solium (pork tapeworm).Taenia solium eggs can also cause cysticercosis. Life Cycle: Taeniasis is the infection of humans with the adult tapeworm of Taenia saginata or Taenia solium. Humans are the only definitive hosts for T. saginata and T. solium. Eggs or gravid proglottids are passed with feces ; the eggs can survive for days to months in the environment. Cattle (T. saginata) and pigs (T. solium) become infected by ingesting vegetation contaminated with eggs or gravid proglottids . In the animal's intestine, the oncospheres hatch , invade the intestinal...

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